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 040: Digging remains in two maritime cities of the Roman Empire: Sanisera (Menorca, Spain) and Siculi (Split, Croatia)

General Information


Siculi site

The Sanisera Archaeology Institute for International Field Schools offers an annual archaeological dig to excavate in two maritime cities of the Roman Empire, located in the coasts of the Mediterranean and the Adriatic seas: Sanisera in Spain and Siculi in Croatia. It organizes courses for students who come from all over the world to study abroad and who are interested in anthropology.

We recommend this field school to those students interested in digging remains of the roman cities and classical archaeology.

This archeological course is organized by two institutions that coordinate their own field schools independently. We want to help participants to have the opportunity to learn and experience in just 20 days the excavation of two Roman sites built by the sea in two different countries. In Spain, the city of Sanisera is investigated by "Sanisera Archaeology Institute", while in Croatia, the site of Siculi is promoted by "The Kaštela Town Museum".

This course is divided in two parts in order to discover two different sites. During the first week, students will excavate in the city of Sanisera, and then they will travel to Split (Croatia), to dig the remains of the city of Siculi.

Part 1. Diggin in the Roman site of Sanisera (Menorca, Spain)

The research is focused on the archaeological excavation of Sanisera and it studies what happened in this Roman port connected to the maritime traffic that sailed the Mediterranean during those times. As a result, we know that this is a very interesting archaeological site, with abundant findings of multiple artifacts that will help us to reconstruct its past.

The excavation at the Roman city of Sanisera provides all the archaeological documentation necessary for the student to acquire enough training and experience in all aspects involving an excavation of the Roman civilization from the II century B.C. to the VI A.D.

Time dedicated to this part of the program: 50%.

 

Part 2. Dig in the archaeological site of Siculi (Split, Croatia)

Sanisera siteIn the largest area, discovered in present times, is the ancient site of Siculi, located in
Resnik. Many years of archeological research have found that it was a settlement
with remains that are dating back from Hellenistic to late Roman period. According to
antique itineraries, such as Tabula Peutingeriana, here we can accommodate the
only ancient settlement whose name was preserved in the area of Kaštela Siculi.

It was 5 Roman miles from Tragurion and 9 from Salona. Also, from historical resources, the information by Pliny the Elder was saved about Claudius' veterans populating about this area in the 1st century AD. A few tomb stones were found in the area of Bijaći, which mention the veterans of XI legion stationed till the seventies of the 1st century in the Roman camp in Burnum. As this legion, with some others, remained faithful to Claudius during the Scribonian rebellion, it was named Claudia Pia Fidelis, and the emperor awarded his veterans by giving them lands.

Although the excavations were limited and conditioned by the scope of construction work, important data on the organization and architecture of the settlement dated to the 2nd and 1st century BC. The grid plan which was discovered reveals an ortogonal layout with 10 streets of a northsouth orientation and a total number of 11 parts of blocks which are around 13 meters wide.

Time dedicated to this part of the program: 50%

 






Aerial view of the Roman port of Sanisera (Menorca, Spain)

Aerial view of the Roman port of Sanisera (Menorca, Spain)

Participants digging in Sanisera

Participants digging in Sanisera


Digging a Roman amphora in detail

Digging a Roman amphora in detail


Student discovers a full jar from V century AD in Sanisera

Student discovers a full jar from V century AD in Sanisera

Student shows a fragment of early Christian lamp

Student shows a fragment of early Christian lamp

Detail of an early Christian lamp discovered in Sanisera

Detail of an early Christian lamp discovered in Sanisera

Aerial view of the coastal town of Siculi (Split, Croatia)

Aerial view of the coastal town of Siculi (Split, Croatia)

Digging in Siculi

Digging in Siculi


Student excavating a Roman tomb in Siculi

Student excavating a Roman tomb in Siculi

Fragments of Roman amphorae from the first century BC in Siculi

Fragments of Roman amphorae from the first century BC in Siculi

View of the extraordinary monumental Split

View of the extraordinary monumental Split

Hypothetical reconstruction of the palace of Emperor Diocletian in Split

Hypothetical reconstruction of the palace of Emperor Diocletian in Split


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