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Nautical charts



We know about the importance of maps and charts used by sailors in order to slice through the Mediterranean waters. It was essential for them to know about the most important ports, the largest towns and cities to stock up on different types of goods; as well as the most prominent bays and most dangerous features to know where to anchor and shelter during bad weather conditions. 
There are several maps that present entries for the Cavalleria Cape and the port of Sanitja, by means of place-names which seem to be similar to the old name that was given to the port in Classical times: Sanisera. Nowadays, these place-names serve as clues for the archaeologist and the historian who look for the ruins of a Roman city which dates back 2000 years. Specifically, there is a map of Hispania design by Abraham Ortelius in 1590 in which the Roman city of Sanisera is located in the northern part of Menorca.

It is very interesting to note that “Sanisera” is one of the most frequent place names that appear on maps depicting the Balearic Islands and, in general terms, cartographical works showing the most important ports of Menorca are prone to include it too, along with Maó, Ciutadella and Fornells. All this confirms the importance of Sanitja as a port of transit and safe anchorage in the Mediterranean. 
This information determines that during the Medieval and Muslim period, the port of Sanitja must have continued to be an important point of anchorage.

Chart author

Year

Toponimical

Pere Martell

1228

Sereyna

Carta Pisana

1270

Sendia

Il Compasso da Navigare

1296

Porto Senello

Giovanni de Cavignano

1300

Seneua

Anónimo de Pisa

1300

Senoly

Petrus Vesconte

1313

Soneli

Petrus Vesconte

1318

Senelli y Senoli

Angelino Dulcert

1339

Seneli

Laurenciano Gaddiano

1351

Seneli

Abraham i Jafuda Cresques

1375

Sanitja

Charta Navigatoria,
Pinelli-Walckenaer

1384

Senige

Guillem Soler

1385

Senige

Anónimo de l’Estense

s. XV

Sonia

Macià de Viladestés

1413

Seniga

Arxiu de la Corona d’Aragó

1420

Ceniya

Battista Becharius

1426

Seniga

Jachobus de Giroldis

1426

Seniglles

Andrea Bianco

1436

Senigta o Senigla

Gabriel de Vallseca

1439

Seniia

Italianischen, portolane

Mediados s. XV

Senitja

Petrus Rossell

1447

Sema

Pere Rossell

1462

Senia

Gratiosus Benincasa

1468

Cenegta

Mn. Ignasi M. Colomer

¿1480?

Senoli

Arnau Domenech

1486

Senitja

Anónimo catalán

1487

Seniga

Jaume Bertran

1489

Seniga

Nicolás Donis el Germánico

1495

Seneli

Jehuda Ben Zara

1497

Sinia

Conte Freducci

1497

...ega

Colección S. Magüerza

s. XVI

Cenega

Charta Navigatoria

c. 1500

Senege o Cenega

Vesconte Maggiolo

1512

Zenaga

Jacobus Russus

1535

Séneca

Bartolomé Olives

1538

Sauia

Pierre Descelliers

1526

Sonige

Giorgio Calapoda

1552

Cenegla

Domingo Olives

1568

Ceniose

Jaume Olives

1571

Saniye

Bartolomé Olives

1584

Seniya

Abraham Ortelius

1586

Sanisera

Joan Martines

1587

Cenegla

Jean de la Haye

s. XVII

Zenega

Portulano anónimo

c. 1600

Ceneg

Pierre Berts

1618

Zenega

Anónimo francés

1645?

Ianisera

Sansón d’Abbvevile

1653

Zenhaga

John o Jan Jansson

1657

Sanisera

 







 
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